Influência do treinamento de coordenação no desenvolvimento da memória de crianças com diferentes tipologias

Georgiy Georgievich Polevoy

Resumo


Diferenciados de desenvolvimento de habilidades de coordenação das crianças, tendo em conta a sua tipologia, tem um impacto positivo sobre o nível de desenvolvimento de sua memória. O objetivo do estudo é o efeito do treino de coordenação no desenvolvimento da memória em crianças com força diferente do sistema nervoso. O estudo envolveu 60 escolares de 7-8 anos, que foram divididas em 3 grupos de 20 crianças em cada grupo. Determinar o tipo de sistema nervoso, usando o “tocando-teste”. Indicador de memória de curto prazo foi determinado de acordo com o teste de “método de Jacobs”. Indicadores de habilidades de coordenação, em que foram determinados pelo teste “shuttle run 3x10”. Análise matemática e estatística foi realizada utilizando t-student. Depois de 7 meses do experimento, houve alterações em todos os grupos. Em KG, os alunos foram envolvidos em programas habituais para a escola, os indicadores se deterioraram no teste de coordenação do movimento de 10,3 s. para 10,4 s. (p>0,05), mas ligeiramente melhorada no teste de “método de Jacobs” a partir de 6,82±0,3 p. para 6,94 ± 0,2 p. (p>0,05). No GE-1, em que crianças realizaram exercícios para desenvolver habilidades de coordenação, o desempenho em ambos os testes melhorado, mas não significativamente. No teste “Shuttle run3x10” os valores melhoraram, passando de 10,3 ± 0,6 s. para 10,1 ± 0,5 s. (p>0,05), e no teste de “método de Jacobs” os valores melhoraram através de 0,19 pontos (p>0,05). No GE-2, as crianças que realizaram exercícios físicos para o desenvolvimento de habilidades de coordenação, tendo em conta a força do sistema nervoso, melhoraram significativamente seu desempenho no “Shuttle run 3x10” teste de 10,3 ± 0,6 s. para 9,7 ± 0,5 s. (p<0,05) e melhorou a memória de curto prazo a partir de 6,93 ± 0,5 p. para 8,43 ± 0,2 p. (p<0,05). A memória de curto prazo das crianças vai se desenvolver mais rápido se as aulas de educação física para realizar a coordenação de formação, utilizando-se uma abordagem diferenciada, que é baseado na tipologia.

ABSTRACT

Influence of coordination training on the development of memory of children with different typology

Differentiated development of coordination abilities of children, taking into account their typology, has a positive impact on the level of development of their memory. The purpose of the study is the effect of coordination training on the development of memory in children with different strength nervous system. The study involved 60 schoolchild of 7-8 years, who were divided into 3 groups 20 children each group. Determine the type of nervous system using the “tapping-test”. Indicator of short-term memory was determined according to the test “method of Jacobs”. Indicators of coordination abilities were determined by the test “shuttle run 3x10”. Mathematical and statistical analysis was performed using T-student. After 7 months of the experiment, there were changes in all groups. In KG, students were engaged in the usual programs for school, the indicators deteriorated in the test  coordination of movement from 10.3 s. to 10.4 s. (p>0.05), but slightly improved in the test “method of Jacobs” from 6.82 ± 0.3 p. to 6.94 ± 0.2 p. (p>0.05). In EG-1, in which children performed exercises to develop coordination abilities, the performance in both tests improved, but not significantly. In the test “Shuttle run3x10” the values improved from 10.3 ± 0.6 s. to 10.1 ± 0.5 s. (p>0.05), and in the test “method of Jacobs” the values improved by 0.19 points (p>0.05). In EG-2, children who performed physical exercises for the development of coordination abilities, taking into account the strength of the nervous system, significantly improved their performance in the “Shuttle run 3x10” test from 10.3 ± 0.6 s. to 9.7 ± 0.5 s. (p<0.05) and improved the short-term memory from 6.93 ± 0.5 p. to 8.43 ± 0.2 p. (p<0.05). Short-term memory of children will develop faster if the physical education classes to carry out coordination training, using a differentiated approach, which is based on the typology.


Palavras-chave


Coordination training; Differentiated approach; Nervous system; Children; Short-term memory

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