Investigando a vantagem de jogar em casa nas ligas mundiais de futebol antes e depois do surto de covid-19

  • Ebrahim Alidoust Ghahfarokhi Associate Professor, Sport Management Department, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
  • Sajad Soroush Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
  • Hosein Hasanbeigi MSc, Sport Management Department, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Shahid Rajayi, Tehran, Iran.
Palavras-chave: Covid-19., Football Leagues, Vantagem Casa, Espectadores

Resumo

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos do COVID-19 (ausência de espectadores) nos resultados dos times de futebol em 5 ligas populares do mundo (Premier League inglesa, Série A italiana, LaLiga espanhola, Bundesliga alemã e Ligue francesa 1). Esta pesquisa foi descritiva-comparativa. Assim, foram analisados ​​os resultados das equipas de futebol desde a época 2015/16 até meados da época 2019/20 (antes da COVID) e a continuação da época 2019/20 até à época 2020/21 (depois da COVID). O número de partidas analisadas foi de 10.853, incluindo 2.546 após partidas do COVID. As variáveis ​​analisadas foram: vantagem em casa, proporção de gols marcados (HGSR) e proporção de gols sofridos (HGCR) em jogos em casa. Os resultados do teste t mostraram uma diminuição significativa da vantagem em casa (p=0,044) apenas na Bundesliga alemã. Além disso, no EPL, nenhuma das variáveis ​​apresentou diferença significativa. Nas ligas italiana, alemã e francesa, o HGCR aumentou significativamente após a pandemia de COVID (p<0,04). Na liga espanhola, o HGSR apresentou um decréscimo significativo (p<0,04). Neste estudo, foi examinada apenas a ausência de espectadores sobre a vantagem de jogar em casa. Embora os espectadores possam influenciar os resultados, as equipes ainda apresentam melhor desempenho em casa durante a pandemia de COVID. Assim, podemos concluir que a localização dos eventos pode ser importante. Além disso, os árbitros podem ser injustamente tendenciosos a favor de um lado ou de outro pela presença de multidões. Assim, pesquisas futuras podem examinar outros fatores.

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Publicado
2022-06-20
Como Citar
Ghahfarokhi, E. A., Soroush, S., & Hasanbeigi, H. (2022). Investigando a vantagem de jogar em casa nas ligas mundiais de futebol antes e depois do surto de covid-19. RBFF - Revista Brasileira De Futsal E Futebol, 14(57), 119-129. Recuperado de http://www.rbff.com.br/index.php/rbff/article/view/1222
Seção
Artigos Cientí­ficos - Original