O efeito de um protocolo de hidratação programado na performance física de árbitros de futebol em partidas do campeonato amador

  • Cristiano Ralo Monteiro Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP, Escola Paulista de Medicina-EPM, São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
  • Milena Fogagnoli Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP, Escola Paulista de Medicina-EPM, São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
  • Regis Bruni Andriolo Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP, Escola Paulista de Medicina-EPM, São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
  • Lealdo Alves Machado Escola de Educação Física da Polícia Militar, São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
  • Yara Queiroga Confessor Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP, Escola Paulista de Medicina-EPM, São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
  • Turibio Leite de Barros Neto Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP, Escola Paulista de Medicina-EPM, São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
  • Japy Angelini Oliveira Filho Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP, Escola Paulista de Medicina-EPM, São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
Palavras-chave: Hidratação, Desidratação, Regulação da temperatura corporal, Frequência cardíaca, Futebol

Resumo

O objetivo deste manuscrito foi avaliar, em estudo prospectivo e transversal, as respostas fisiológicas e o desempenho de árbitros de futebol submetidos a protocolo de hidratação com isotônicos ou água. Foram estudados dez indivíduos, homens, idade média 37,1 ± 5,0 anos, do quadro do Sindicato dos Árbitros de Futebol do Estado de São Paulo, em jogos do campeonato amador. Foi avaliado o peso corporal antes e após as partidas, a medida da diurese pós-pesagem, a frequência cardíaca média, e o estresse térmico (método de Yaglou, Minard, modificado). Aplicaram-se de forma alternada, o Protocolo de Hidratação Habituall (PHH) (800 mL de água), extraído de questionário respondido pelos árbitros participantes, e o Protocolo de Hidratação Proposta (PHP) (1300 mL de isotônico). Os jogos foram filmados e analisados pelos métodos de Withers - distância total percorrida e de Valquer - distribuição da distância em ações. Não houve diferença significativa (p<0,05) entre os protocolos de hidratação habitual e o proposto, em relação às seguintes variáveis: distância total percorrida, diferença percentual da distância total percorrida (segundo tempo versus primeiro tempo), frequência cardíaca média, diferença de peso corporal (pré e pós-partida), volume de líquidos ingeridos, taxa de sudorese, estresse térmico e percentual de desidratação. Concluímos que o uso de água ou isotônico não alterou os mecanismos de regulação térmica e o desempenho dos árbitros de futebol.

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Publicado
2022-03-24
Como Citar
Monteiro, C. R., Fogagnoli, M., Andriolo, R. B., Machado, L. A., Confessor, Y. Q., Barros Neto, T. L. de, & Oliveira Filho, J. A. (2022). O efeito de um protocolo de hidratação programado na performance física de árbitros de futebol em partidas do campeonato amador. RBFF - Revista Brasileira De Futsal E Futebol, 13(54), 419-428. Recuperado de http://www.rbff.com.br/index.php/rbff/article/view/1119
Seção
Artigos Cientí­ficos - Original